Friday, June 17, 2011

Save the Endangered Species of Davao

Davao Region or Southern Mindanao is located southeast of Mindanao. Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, and Compostela Valley. The Davao Gulf is bounded by these regions. Davao City is its regional center. As it lies outside the typhoon belt, rainfall is evenly distributed though out the year. The area is shielded from the rough weather by Mount Apo, the highest peak in the Philippines. This makes the fauna and flora of the region flourish, nurturing diverse and unique species. But pollution, deforestation, and excessive hunting left these species endangered.

The most renowned endangered species of Davao is The Philippine Eagle. It is similarly called Haribon or monkey-eating eagle. Only found in the Philippine islands of Mindanao, Luzon, Leyte, and Samar, it is among the most endangered species of its kind in the world. Length-wise, it is the largest among its kind. Its broad-spanned wings ensure powerful flights. Due to its being rare and majestic features, private collectors and zoos acquire the Philippine eagle at a costly price. Young eagles are being stolen straight from their nests to be sold.

Unwarranted hunting for food and recreation did not allow their population to prosper, as it takes about five to seven years for a Philippine eagle to reach its reproductive age. Deforestation left them homeless. Due to pollution, contaminated food eaten by their prey accumulates in the eagles’ bodies and lead to fatalities.

The Philippine Eagle Research and Nature Center located in Calinan Davao and Philippine Eagle Foundation, Inc. looks after these most endangered species of Davao. More endangered species of Davao can be found in Davao Gulf. The World Wildlife Foundation (WWF) considers its marine ecosystem as one of the most diverse in the world. Larger than a bay, a gulf is a part of ocean or sea and is surrounded in part by land. The decline in the species’ population has been addressed and steps are being taken to safeguard these endangered species of Davao.

Among the sixty five mangroves species in the world, fifty of these can be located in the region. Sea grasses, sea weeds, and sea corals that can be found here are also unique among their kind. But as pollution may cause their permanent disappearance, efforts to restore them is being assisted by the Coastal Environmentalist Conservation of Samal Island, Inc.

Five of the seven existing marine turtle species are present in the gulf. Poaching caused decline among their population. 59 marine turtles has been released and tagged by DENR XI since 1998. A task force was created to protect their welfare and cash incentives are being given for those who will release captured ones.

Population of Dugongs or sea cows, live along the shorelines of Don Marcelino in Davao del Sur and Malalag, Malita are waning due to the deterioration of their habitat. Their sea grass habitats are now being restored so the gentle dugongs will be able to flourish.

To protect the endangered species of Davao and to limit and moderate the consequence of human activity and development in the region’s fauna and flora, a environmental protection plan was introduced and will be implemented by The Regional Development Council in the Davao. It has eight policies that aim to conserve and protect biodiversity and provide other opportunities and means of income among the locals. These policies also aim to inform and educate people regarding the significance of conserving the region’s biodiversity.

No comments:

Post a Comment